Scholars who have written about the ritual, have usually described the traditional region of its observance as north India; however, also included are: central India, western India and Nepal, as well other regions of India, and overseas Hindu communities such as in Fiji. Anthropologist Jack Goody, whose field study was conducted in Nandol, in Gujarat, describes Rakshabandhan as an "annual ceremony . . . of northern and western India. " Anthropologist Michael Jackson, writes, "While traditional North Indian families do not have a Father's or Mother's Day, or even the equivalent of Valentine's Day, there is a Sister's Day, called Raksha Bandhan, . . . " Religious scholar J. Gordon Melton describes it as "primarily a North Indian festival. " Leona M. Anderson and Pamela D. Young describe it as "one of the most popular festivals of North India. " Anthropologist David G. Mandelbaum has described it as "an annual rite observed in northern and western India. " Other descriptions of primary regions are of development economist Bina Agarwal ("In Northern India and Nepal this is ritualized in festivals such as raksha-bandhan. " ), scholar and activist Ruth Vanita ("a festival widely celebrated in north India. " ), anthropologist James D. Faubion ("In north India this brother-sister relationship is formalized in the ceremony of 'Rakshabandhan. '" ), and social scientist Prem Chowdhry (". . . in the noticeable revival of the Raksha Bandhan festival and the renewed sanctity is has claimed in North India. " ).