Lieutenant-General Robert Baden-Powell was a British soldier during the Second Anglo-Boer War in South Africa (1899–1902). He was the commander during the Siege of Mafeking, and noted during the siege how young boys made themselves useful by carrying messages for the soldiers. When he came home, he decided to put his Scouting ideas into practice to see if they would work for young boys, and took 21 boys camping on Brownsea Island, near Poole in Dorset. The camp was a success, and subsequently Baden-Powell wrote the book Scouting for Boys. The book covered topics such as tracking, signalling, and cooking, and it outlined a Scout method for an “instruction in good citizenship”. Soon boys began to organise themselves into Patrols and Troops and calling themselves “Boy Scouts”. Girls bought the book as well and formed themselves into Patrols of Girl Scouts, while some girls and boys formed mixed Patrols.
Angry Birds is a fantasy-based media franchise created by the Finnish company Rovio Entertainment. The series focuses on multi-colored birds that try to save their eggs from green-colored pigs, their enemies. Inspired by Crush the Castle, the game has been praised for its successful combination of fun gameplay, comical style, and low price. Its popularity led to many spin-offs: versions of Angry Birds created for PCs and video game consoles; a market for merchandise featuring its characters; Angry Birds Toons, a televised animated series; and two films: The Angry Birds Movie and its sequel The Angry Birds Movie 2. By January 2014, there had been over two billion downloads across all platforms, including both regular and special editions. By July 2015, the series’ games had been downloaded more than three billion times collectively, making it the most downloaded freemium game series of all time. The original Angry Birds has been called “one of the most mainstream games out right now”, “one of the great runaway hits of 2010”, and “the largest mobile app success the world has seen so far”. The first main-series video game sequel, Angry Birds 2, was released on 30 July 2015.
The series pilot episode “Once Upon a Princess”, premiered on November 18, 2012, on Disney Channel, featuring a cameo from Cinderella. The 3 good fairies from Sleeping Beauty were also introduced as teachers. The series itself premiered on January 11, 2013, on Disney Channel during its Disney Junior block. Disney Junior renewed Sofia the First for a second season on March 5, 2013, and then the series was renewed for a third season on January 8, 2014. The show’s second double-length episode, The Floating Palace, aired on November 24, 2013, with an appearance from Ariel. The third double-length episode, The Curse of Princess Ivy, aired on November 23, 2014, featuring Rapunzel. On April 14, 2015, the series was renewed for a fourth season by Disney Junior. Gerber clarified in December 2016 that it would begin in spring 2017 and have 24 22-minute episodes plus 2 60-minute specials.